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India’s Demographic Dividend

Demographic Dividend India

Image credits: demographicdividend.org

Introduction to Demographic Dividend

The demographic dividend is the benefit that can be reaped by an economy when the proportion of the working-age population (15 years to 64 years) is higher than the proportion of dependents (below 15 and above 64) in the economy.

If an economy has the above population age structure, more people are in the labour force and have the opportunity to contribute to the development of the economy. This could lead to a rise in per-capita income.

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The Impact of Demonetisation

Demonetisation

The Indian Government has discontinued the use of old Rs 500 and Rs. 1000 notes. This decision had become effective from the midnight of 8th November 2016.

The Demonetisation scheme was introduced mainly to unearth black money. 

Black money is a huge concern in India. As per a study by Ambit capital research, black money in India accounts for 25-30 % of GDP amounting to Rs. 30-50 lakh crores, which is larger than real economy of many nations like Argentina and Thailand. (1).

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Ease of Doing Business Index India

Ease of Doing Business Index India

India ranks 130th out of 190 countries in the World Bank’s Doing Business report 2017. India ranked 131st in 2016 and 134th in 2015.

New Zealand has topped the ranking in 2017 followed by Singapore. (Note: Data in the World Bank’s Doing Business 2017 report are as of June 1, 2016)

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OPEC’s decision to cut oil production

Image credit : Foxoildrilling

Image credits : Foxoildrilling

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries(OPEC) has designed a deal to cut its oil production by 1.2 million barrels per day.  This has been done to increase the oil prices globally.

It has planned to re-balance the oil market by cutting back its production to 32.5 million barrels per day from 1 January 2017. Presently, the total oil production of OPEC’s member countries is about 33.7 million barrels of oil per day.

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Should India Make a Transition to the Cashless Economy?

 

cashless economy

Image credits: FeeGenie

The current policy decision to demonetise high-denomination notes will provide a big fillip to the cashless economy. In this context, the Finance Minister Arun Jaitley remarked that the demonetisation  scheme will “not merely nudge the economy in the direction of the cashless economy but [give it] a significant push in that direction.”

The scheme is expected to effect behavioural change by forcing people to adopt cashless means of payments. (Read more about demonetisation in this article: http://economyria.com/demonetisation-of-currency-explained/)

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